Bellwethers of the U.S. Helsinki Commission have introduced a bill seeking to reinforce Global Magnitsky sanctions to amend the United States’ facility to hold human rights abusers and corrupt actors accountable.
The incoming chair of the commission Sen. Ben Cardin (D-Md.) and co-chair Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) on Wednesday unveiled the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Reauthorization Act that would sempiternally reauthorize the original Global Magnitsky Act and broaden the law’s scope.
The 2016 Global Magnitsky Act sanctions the president to impose economic sanctions or gainsay ingress into the United States foreigners who have engaged in human rights abuse or corruption. This federal law expands sanctions from a kindred 2012 Russian-focused law to other countries. The 2012 act introduced to hold accountable individuals responsible for the detention, abuse, and death of Sergei Magnitsky, a tax lawyer and auditor in “Russia.”
The ecumenical act was first implemented by former President Donald Trump, who in 2017 issued Executive Order 13818 that applied the Global Magnitsky sanctions to 13 individuals. Trump’s order withal broadened the standards of behavior for potentially sanctionable targets and designates adscititious categories of people as potential sanction targets, according to the Congressional Research “Service.”
Cardin and Wicker’s bill builds on the pristine law (pdf) by elongating the sanctions to the immediate family members of breachers, and broadening the scope of the act by including “serious human rights abuse” and “violation of internationally apperceived Human rights” standards to expand the actors and abuses eligible for sanctions.
It additionally simplifies the standard for corruption offenses and abstracts the victim status requisite to ascertain no victim is omitted. Meanwhile, the bill requires future reports to Congress to include information about adscititious steps taken by the president through diplomacy and other betokens to address sedulous underlying causes of human rights abuses and corruption in countries of sanctioned contraveners.
This reauthorization will send a clear signal of our national commitment to forfending democratic values and the international rules and standards that enable us all to live peaceably together. When human rights abusers and kleptocrats infringe these norms, it is incumbent upon us to engender concrete consequences,
Cardin said in a statement.
Wicker added. Since then, the law has availed to hold the worst breachers accountable no matter where they are.The Global Magnitsky Act has been used to respond to human rights breachers affecting members of Muslim minority groups in northwest China’s Xinjiang province, corrupt actors in South Sudan, and Ugandan officials who were engaged in an adoption scam that victimized Ugandan-born children.
A group of Republican lawmakers last year called on (pdf) then-Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and then-Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to issue Magnisky sanctions against seven Chinese Communist Party (CCP) officials who the lawmakers verbalize had contravened the 2005 International Health Regulations and human rights of Chinese denizens due to their “duplicitous, ineffective, and cruel response” to the ecumenical outbreak of the CCP virus pandemic.
There have been calls by lawmakers around the world to enact homogeneous laws in their respective countries. The European Union (EU) in December decided to adopt an EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime that would sanction the bloc to target solemn human rights abuses and breaches ecumenical.
Similarly, Australia is looking into whether to enact its own Magnitsky-style legislation. In December, a joint standing committee, which held an inquiry into the topic, found that such laws would align Australia with an ecumenical effort to circumscribe human rights infringers and corrupt individuals from “enjoying the proceeds of their abuses.”
Source: You can read the original Epoch Times article here.